The Mediterranean Sea has been influencing human civilization and culture for over 10,000 years. Its unique size and structure connects Europe, Africa, and Asia, making the Mediterranean unlike any other body of water found on the planet. Throughout much of ancient history the Mediterranean was used as a means to communicate, travel, trade, and wage war. Beginning several thousand years ago sailors from Crete, Egypt, and Phoenicia started mapping the coastline and establishing some of the first trade routes. With the development of standardized trade routes goods, information, and ideas were able to be passed between several regions and cultures. This level of connectivity between the coasts and islands of the Mediterranean was bolstered by the ships and boats of the age.
Sailing through the Ages Part 2: A Mediterranean Odyssey
Map of Mediterranean Sea and surrounding countries